The High Desert Report » April 2015

Monthly Archives: April 2015


Publisher’s Message-Spring 2015

Published by:

Joe Brady Headshot 1

By Joseph W. Brady, CCIM, SIOR
The Bradco Companies/The Bradco High Desert Report

I wish to welcome our current, future, and long stand­ing subscribers and sponsors of the 54th Edition of the Bradco High Des­ert Report, the first and only economic overview of the High Desert region, covering the north­ern portion of San Bernardino County and the Inland Empire.

As a part of our history, in late 1992, when a friend of mine, Ms. Cele Under­wood, then an Associate with the Keith Companies, a company with which we shared office space, suggested that, with all the development, bus tours and sem­inars in Southern California, we create a newsletter. Having no knowledge of how to do a newsletter, I contacted my long-time friend and mentor, Dr. Alfred Gobar, then Chairman of Alfred Gobar & Associates (Brea/Anaheim, Califor­nia).

With Dr. Gobar’s continued encourage­ment to take a leading role within the High Desert region, we moved forward with the first ever newsletter to cover the High Desert region, the Cities of Ad­elanto, Apple Valley, Barstow, Hesperia, and Victorville; the first one to properly portray the High Desert’s economy and its great assets.

Since then, Dr. Gobar has continually supplied some of the greatest articles to the Bradco High Desert Report since its inception in May of 1993. He has con­tributed articles all the way through our 52nd Edition, but due to a recent 7 year battle with cancer, was unable to prepare an article in his normal and professional manner.

Dr. Gobar is in his 7th year of battling cancer and doing quite well. When the doctors told him that they thought he would lose a substantial amount of weight, they forgot that Dr. Gobar is 1 of the most unique people I have ever met and, undoubtedly, one of the most unique people that they have ever met. He has actually gained 14 pounds, looks great, and still has a great sense of hu­mor.

He recently spoke (6 months ago) at Lambda Alpha, the Orange County Chapter, which I am the only commer­cial broker ever inducted, and I am very humbled to be a part of this great hon­orary society for the advanced and land economics.

We also had a delay in this edition with the recent addition of a new member of our family, Mr. Parker Sinibaldi, Ms. Kaitlin Alpert’s son. Parker was born on December 9, 2014, and Ms. Alpert has just been able to return to work to as­sist us on the Bradco High Desert Re­port and many of the other endeavors that we have. In the meantime we were blessed with the addition of Ms. Tailor Titus, who joined our firm on a tempo­rary basis and has now become a full-time member of our family.

While I will write some separate com­ments where I think the High Desert economy is as it relates to real estate, I do want to make a couple comments rel­ative to the article suppliers who made this edition (although late) as special as any other edition that we have ever done.

I wish to thank our friend Ms. Sheri Da­vis, Director of the Inland Empire Film Commission, who does such a great job in generating monies to the Inland Empire and High Desert economies for filming.

I wish to also thank Ms. Joy Sepulvada, Public Information Officer, who works with my long-time friend Ms. Terri Kasinga, and their soon-to-be-retired Executive Director Mr. Basem Mual­lem, of the State of California Depart­ment of Transportation (Caltrans) for the information that they have supplied. There is a tremendous amount of work underway by Caltrans, not only in San Bernardino County but through the en­tire Inland Empire. If you drive the In­land Empire as much as I do, and even going into Orange County, you really have an appreciation of where some of our gas tax dollars are being spent and how important they are for the Inland Empire growth and, most importantly, for the High Desert to be able to handle the anticipated growth over the next few decades.

I wish to welcome Mr. Bob Dutton, our brand-new Assessor/Recorder/County Clerk for San Bernardino County. I have known Bob Dutton as long as I have known his father, Mr. Ted Dutton, one of my all-time heroes. Bob Dutton is a former Assemblyman, former State Senator, and a very respected business person within the Inland Empire. Mr. Dutton brings to the San Bernardino County Assessor’s office a new and re­freshing way of thinking. As a current Tax Appeals Commissioner, I look for­ward to whatever positive changes Mr. Dutton will make. I assure you that he will make changes and they will all be for the benefit of the tax payer.

A very exciting project, which I have been monitoring for nearly 30 years, is “Tapestry,” a master plan community that was originally called Las Flores Ranch in South-East Hesperia. I have said many times that this property is not only the finest property in San Bernar­dino County for the development of a master plan community, it is one of the most gorgeous pieces of property for the development of a community. The City of Hesperia is lucky that the develop­ers, who have recently acquired it, are in the midst of re-entitling it for nearly 19,300± homes.

They are taking a long-term and very committed position within the High Desert region. I would be remiss in not mentioning the work that Mr. Don Hutchings did while he owned Las Flores Ranch. I would like to personally thank him for all of his work. To entitle a project of nearly 10,000± acres, and to find the right “timing” to develop it, is a major league task. Mr. Don Hutchings, thanks for what you did, and I hope I live long enough to see the final home built and the commercial center devel­oped for this very exciting project. We anticipate that approval for this project will come during the summer of this year and, hopefully, they will start mov­ing ground within 2 years after its ap­proval.

I wish to welcome Mr. Larry Vaupel, the Economic Development Agency Ad­ministrator for San Bernardino County. We have had a long-standing relation­ship with San Bernardino County, as a member many many years ago of the Workforce Investment Board and also of the Economic Development Com­mission. I recently met with Larry Vaupel and he will be a great addition, someone who will take a very long-term interest with his employer (5 very com­mitted Supervisors for San Bernardino County). Also a great job to Mr. Greg Devereaux in helping reposition and ad­vance the High Desert region so that we get the appropriate amount of jobs and job opportunities within San Bernardino County.

I wish to thank the Mojave Water Agen­cy, Mr. Kirby Brill, its General Manager, Ms. Yvonne Hester, its Public Informa­tion Officer and its 7 member Board of Directors for the information about wa­ter and the upcoming water symposium that will be held later this month. I assure each and every one of our readers that we will have a tremendous amount of information from the symposium to add to the 55th edition, and I look forward to adding 4 or 5 pages of content so that property owners, investors, and devel­opers can be assured of a long-term and sustainable water management program that I believe is second to none in the State of California. I congratulate the Board of Directors at the Mojave Water Agency for their great leadership.

We wish to welcome: our friend Mr. Brad Golden from Chicago Title in Cal­ifornia I have known the Golden family since 1984 when I met Mr. Ron Golden who was born and raised in Apple Val­ley and who was involved with a com­mercial title representative in Southern California; his son Mr. Brad Golden, with many family members located in the High Desert area, including one that is employed at Victor Valley Commu­nity College District; Ms. Greta Moon, who sent over information about the new change to the California revenue & tax code and the new law about docu­mentary tax transfer declarations.

In my business as a commercial real estate practitioner, I am constantly at­tempting to find what the real prices are for transferred property. Mr. Brad Gold­en’s article answers the question (please see pg. 14).

We re-welcome our County Sheriff, John McMahon, with an update to the High Desert Detention Center. Sheriff John McMahon, keep up the great job.

We are constantly asked about the amount of money spent by the federal government through county govern­ment, which is disbursed to residents throughout the High Desert who receive aid through local cities. While this is not a popular issue to discuss, and many would question my wisdom as Publisher of the Bradco High Desert Report about publishing this, it is still an issue that I believe needs to be debated within the High Desert region. It is one that all of our readers should be keenly aware of.

While many of the numbers are rather larger than you see on the graphs on page 15, 16, and 17, we are constantly urging our local officials, state officials and federal officials to help create pro­grams that will help bring people back to work, give them a greater education, and give them the tools to prepare them­selves for a workforce.

I hope that those reading this take this data seriously, and I welcome each and every one of your comments to my per­sonal email: Joseph W. Brady, Publisher of the Bradco High Desert Report, at, so we can put you on a list of people who we can call on when and if meetings are held by our city, county, and state offi­cials.

We always appreciate the great work that Ms. Debbie A. Cannon, and Ms. Vickie Nagel do for the non-profits through their Academy for Grassroots Organizations. It is one of the greatest organizations that I have seen that deals with non-profits and how they can help truly direct monies to an area (every area needs money for non-profits).

We thank our friends at the Inland Em­pire Economic Partnership (IEEP), un­der the direction of Mr. Paul Granillo, and their very strong Board of Directors for everything that they do to promote the Inland Empire through the Econom­ic Partnership. We hope the day will arise when all the cities throughout San Bernardino County and the Inland Em­pire are members of the IEEP.

I still remember when the original or­ganization Inland Empire Economic Council (IEEC) was formed by people such Mr. Ted Dutton, Mr. Steve Pontell, Dr. John Husing, and many other no­table individuals throughout the Inland Empire who have always had a passion about economic development and the economic development movement.

One of our keynote speakers for the 13 years that we held the High Desert Leaders Economic Summit, which ben­efited the Red Cross, was Mr. Larry J. Kosmont, CRE, President and CEO of the Kosmont Companies. Mr. Kos­mont’s article, “In The Wake of Rede­velopment,” is an excellent discussion about alternative methods of potential financing for projects that we will see in the upcoming years. Mr. Kosmont is a leader in the industry and at one time was the youngest City Manager hired in California. Mr. Kosmont, thank you for all your work.

We truly appreciate the relationship that we have not only with Caltrans, but more importantly, their partner SANBAG (San Bernardino Associated Govern­ments). Having sat on the new Measure I committee in 2005 (as I remember), San Bernardino County voters passed a nearly $6 billion± highway improve­ment bill projected for 30 years. We can truly see the amount of work that SAN­BAG and their partner Caltrans is doing by the I-15/I-215 Interchange and by the I-15 resurfacing.

We have enclosed information that we have received from our friends at the State of California Employment Devel­opment Department that show the rela­tionship between unemployment rates and total industry employment in the High Desert region comparing 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. 2014 pre­liminary numbers are still in the midst of being adjusted and will be for the next few months.

I would be a little unbiased if I didn’t compliment my friend and a gentlemen who I enjoy working with, Mr. Robert Sewell, the Director of Marketing and Public Relations at Victor Valley Com­munity College District where I now serve as President of the Board of Trust­ees. We have a great institution and have recently submitted our updated accredi­tation, which I strongly suspect will re­ceive a positive response before July 1, 2015. I would like to thank Mr. Robert Sewell, who took over for our long-time friend Mr. William Greulich, who has since retired, and is enjoying playing golf, spending time with his grandchil­dren and his family. I would like to thank Mr. William Greulich for all that he did at Victor Valley Community College, and for all the wisdom that he showed me in my early years as a Trustee.

I also wish to re-welcome our new President and Superintendent Dr. Rog­er Wagner, who was also the President and Superintendent at Copper Moun­tain Community College (Yucca Valley/Joshua Tree/29 Palms). He is doing an excellent job in leading our Board of Trustees and helping to reposition Vic­tor Valley Community College as one of the premier community colleges in the state.

Lastly, we thank each one of our city partners for their economic update. It was our local cities that urged me early on that we needed a vehicle in order to properly portray the High Desert econ­omy and the work done by each one of the cities, their Mayors, their City Man­agers, their Economic Development Di­rectors. I thank each one of you for all that you do and look forward to a pros­perous 2015.

To keep my opening comments as short as possible, I would like to thank each and every one of our article suppliers ,who continually make the Bradco High Desert Report the most unique economic overview of the High Desert, the longest standing publication, and the one with the most subscribers.

While we have transitioned away from publishing our report on a quarterly ba­sis due to the protracted recession (de­pression), we continually see improve­ment in the High Desert economy and we look forward to an ever-improving 2015 year.

Lastly and most importantly, if you wish to continue to receive a copy of the Bradco High Desert Report, any statisti­cal reports, op-ed articles that we post to our website for free, please register at our website at www.TheBradcoCompa­ .

I always welcome people’s emails to, your phone calls to 760.951.5111 Ext 101 and any comments that you have on how we can continually improve our content and our distribution. Thank you.


Edition Dedicated to Mr. Willie Pringle

Published by:

On January 6, 2015, we lost a dear friend of the High Desert and, most im­portantly, Victor Valley Com­munity College District. His name was Mr. Willie Pringle. From the early days when I moved to the High Desert in mid-1988, Willie Pringle was always a gentlemen who was “bigger than life.”

I knew him and the many roles that he held throughout the region, all based on education, with a deep and long-founded love for his college, Victor Valley Com­munity College District.

Willie had a life-long service record in the community and continued to stay active in service-leadership roles.

He served as a member of the Board of Trustees for Victor Elementary School District from 1994-2009. In addition to his elected service on the board, he con­tributed his time and talent as a board member for Job Opportunities and Ben­efits (JOB), assisting the disabled; was a member of the Citizens Volunteer Corps, the High Desert Diversity Coali­tion; the Kiwanis; served on the super­visory committee at Victor Valley Fed­eral Credit Union; and the Desert Valley Charitable Foundation.

Willie worked for decades for the San Bernardino County Fair, served on the Hesperia Truancy Board, and had been a member of the City of Victorville advi­sory board and planning commission.

He volunteered his time on Thanksgiv­ings and Christmases, serving meals to the homeless with the Salvation Army.

He was recognized by the Daily Press as one of the ten most influential Afri­can American men in the High Desert, and was recognized by both the Los An­geles County Alliance of Black School Educators and the National Alliance of Black School Educators for his service as a school board member. Willie cur­rently served as a board member for the Excelsior Charter School.

I was humbled to be appointed as a Trustee to Victor Valley Community College District on February 1, 2011, and was successful in my bid for re-election in November of 2012.

I remember a conversation I had with Mr. Willie Pringle while he was battling the early stages of prostate cancer and the encouragement he gave to continue to move forward for the advancement of education and, most importantly, for Victor Valley Community College Dis­trict to be the premier educational insti­tution of the High Desert region.

Whenever I called Mr. Pringle, he was always there. The last time I saw him, I was taken aback by the amount of weight he had lost, but he made it an absolute point to not miss any of Victor Valley Community College District’s football games this last year when Victor Valley Community College District went un­defeated, set a record, and was one of the top community colleges in the entire nation. The dedication of this football team was a part of their love and admi­ration for Mr. Willie Pringle, as it was for any of us that knew him.

When I attended his service, I spoke to his wife, Mrs. Mary Pringle, who is also an Associate at Victor Valley Commu­nity College District, and I told her that I wanted to dedicate the 54th edition of the Bradco High Desert Report to Mr. Willie Pringle. I hope that you under­stand that as Publisher of the Bradco High Desert Report, we started to dedi­cate editions to people whom we have held in the highest esteem over many years in the High Desert region. We have honored Mr. Ira Norris, the Found­er and Chairman of Inco Homes, For­mer Mayor and Co-Founder of the great City of Adelanto, Ms. Mary Scarpa. We now include Mr. Willie Pringle as one of our very special people to whom we dedicate this edition.

Economy Film General

How does the Inland Empire Film commission Make it so easy?

Published by:

By Sheri Davis – Director

The High Desert still remains the number one desert location for the Film Industry in California. Why you ask? It is really a simple answer – terrific light, diversity of locations (from a mountain community to the vast sand dunes at Dumont) as well as experienced crew and service providers. Also, the film industry gets ease of permitting with the Inland Empire Film Commission which serves as the One Stop Permit Agency for the County of San Bernardino, the United States Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management. How does the Film Commission make it so easy? They have some very important partners whose support is key to successful filming in the High Desert. The Barstow Bureau of Land Management leadership and staff deserve a medal for their excellence in assisting filming. This office is exemplary and should be the role model for other BLM field offices. County Supervisor Lovingood from the First District and Supervisor Rutherford from the Third District are very supportive partners to the film commission and are great proponents of filming in their districts.

Filming Update For 2014

Feature Films: 11 feature films selected locations from El Mirage Dry Lake to the Dumont Dunes. The pattern of studio features shooting out of state for most of their production continued through 2014 as they secure incentives, both in other states and other nations. Some of the smaller films shot were “Nothing Like Romance” shot in Oro Grande, “The Executer,” shot in Yermo, and “Zeroville,” shot at the Barstow Drive-in. We are very hopeful that the new incentive bill AB1839 that passed allowing $330 million a year for five (5) years to be used as an incentive to keep filming in California. This renewal and revision of the State Film Incentive program bumps the 20% incentive to 25% for films shooting outside the 30-mile zone around Hollywood (more details below). Hopefully, this will encourage production to come to the High Desert.

Reality Television: Reality TV still enjoys filming in the High Desert region with 14 shows such as “Top Gear,” Jay Leno’s untitled new show, “Masterchef,” “Sand Master,” “Die Trying: Gates of Hell,” “Storage Wars,” and “IQ Challenge,” to name just a few of the shows.

Commercials: 56 commercials selected locations in the High Desert. The dry lakes in the county still attract the largest numbers of commercials with El Mirage Dry Lake leading with 17 commercials. Here are a few commercials that did NOT involve the automobile industry: GE, Icon Health, Water Future, 7 Jeans, Megane-ichiba sunglasses. Other dry lakes like Soggy, Silurian, Lucerne, Rabbit and Coyote also attracted their fair share of commercials like Blacklist Olympics, Golden Girls, Pokémon Master Recruiter, USA Network Series Promo for “Dig,” American Eagle and California Lottery. Then, of course, we had many of the car agencies return for that special desert look…Subaru, Lamborghini, BMW, Mercedes Benz, Hyundai, and Dodge Viper, among many other products. The locations ranged from communities like Yermo to Baker, from Barstow to Wrightwood, from Lucerne Valley to Trona. Watch for these commercials and enjoy your locations being introduced to the world.

Still Photography: Still photographers still consider the High Desert lighting and diversity to be perfect for their requirements. 62 still photography shoots for both national and international products like Gala Paris, Macy’s, Prestige Magazine, Nissan Frontier, Lexus, Top Gear Clothing, American Eagle, Show Me Your Mumu, ESPN Magazine, Engelbert Strauss Workwear, Arch Motorcycles, W Magazine, Urban Outfitters and Grip (a German TV car magazine) are some the highlights.

Music Videos: The region enjoyed a huge increase in music videos over the previous year. There were 35 music videos shot throughout the High Desert. Have you ever wondered about all of the music videos that you have seen and thought look like your area. Well, here are just a few for your viewing pleasure – just go to the URLs below and enjoy a music video shot in your region.

Student Production: 19 film school projects discovered the High Desert region. Some of the larger film schools that used our region were Chapman University, University of California Irvine, New York Film Academy, Art Center College of Design, Loyola Marymount University and Columbia College.

Documentaries, Short films, Web Series: 51 other productions selected varied locations in the High Desert such as a market in Trona, the Barstow Hospital, as well as various locations in Newberry Springs and Daggett. However, 38 of the productions were shot on land managed by the Barstow Bureau of Land Management which includes El Mirage Dry Lake, Johnson Valley and the Dumont Dunes.

King of the Hammers: Each year a film crew comes out to record the actions at one of the biggest desert racing events in the Nation called “King of the Hammers.” This is a 5-day event that always selects Johnson Valley, is filled with races, vehicle rock climbing, etc., and has an audience of over 25,000 people attending. We want to thank the Barstow Bureau of Land Management for their support of this important race to Lucerne Valley and the desert region.

Johnson Valley Update

Tony Perry, a reporter with the Los Angeles Times, in an article on May 9, 2014, reported on the final decision for the use of Johnson Valley by the U.S. Marines and the OHV community.

“After nearly a decade-long dispute between the Marine Corps and off-road vehicle enthusiasts over a rocky patch of desert west of the base at Twentynine Palms has ended in a compromise brokered by Congress. Neither side got everything they wanted in the tussle over the nearly 200,000 acres of forbidding Johnson Valley — a place of rugged beauty that off-roaders say is virtually without peer for their sport. The Marines say the same about their training needs.

As included in the 2014 defense bill signed by President Obama, approximately 43,000 acres of Johnson Valley will be for recreational use only, 79,000 acres will be for the Marine Corps, and 53,000 acres will be shared between the off-roaders and the Marines.”

Johnson Valley

The Inland Empire Film Commission is not certain at this time how these decisions will impact filming.

California Tax Incentive Update

California Film and Television Tax Incentive Expanded and Extended 20-25% Credit

The California Film & Television Job Retention and Promotion Act, signed by Governor Brown in September, 2014, expands and improves California’s Film and TV incentives. The California Film Commission is currently developing regulations and other procedures to administer the newly expanded film and TV tax credit program.

Key Changes from Prior Program

  • Increases tax credit program funding to $330 million per fiscal year; extended for 5 years
  • Expands eligibility to big-budget feature films, 1-hr TV series (for any distribution outlet) and TV pilots
  • Eliminates budget caps for studio and independent films
  • Replaces current lottery with a ranking system based on jobs and other criteria
  • Provides for multiple allocation periods throughout the year

Additional 5% Credit Uplift (Maximum credit = 25%)

  • Filming outside the Los Angeles zone + 5%
  • Music scoring/music tracking recording expenditures + 5%
  • Visual effects expenditures + 5%

Eligible Productions

  • Feature Films: $1 million minimum budget; while there is no maximum budget cap, credit allocation applies only to the first $100 million in qualified expenditures
  • Movies-of-the-Week and Miniseries: $500,000 minimum budget
  • New Television Series for any distribution outlet: $1 million minimum budget per episode (at least 40 minutes per episode, scripted only)
  • TV Pilots: $1 million minimum budget
  • Television Series, without regard to episode length, that filmed their prior season outside California; $1 million minimum budget
  • Independent Films: $1 million minimum budget; while there is no budget cap, credits apply only to the first $10 million of qualified expenditures (only independent projects may sell their tax credits)

New Selection Criteria

Productions will be ranked from highest to lowest based upon a jobs ratio and other criteria against “like” projects (TV ranked against TV, indie projects against indie, etc.). The CA Film Commission will award tax credits to those productions in each category with the highest ranking. The new program provides four separate funding “pots” for these categories : TV series and TV pilots / independent projects / non-indie feature films / and relocating TV series.

Key Dates

Final Lottery – Original tax credit program eligibility – APRIL 2015

  • Productions may not begin principal photography before July 1, 2015

New Program: First application period – May 2015 (TV only) / Summer 2015 (feature films)

  • Projects selected by new ranking system
  • Productions may not begin principal photography before July 1, 2015

Courtesy of the California Film Commission

High Desert Film Alliance

The High Desert Film Alliance, which is active and meets monthly in the region, has new Co-Chairs – Joshua and Tiffany Addante. With this new leadership, they are looking into expanding their internet exposure in hopes of being available to assist more productions as they come into the region. The alliance has also changed their monthly meetings to the 2nd Thursday of each month at 6:30 p.m. at the Marriot Courtyard in Hesperia. If you are interested in attending to find out more about the alliance, or if you are a film professional living in the High Desert and would like to network with other professionals, please feel free to come. Please RSVP to info@filminlandempire. com so we can save you a seat. Menu will be available for those of you who would enjoy dining during the meeting.

The Inland Empire Film Commission wants to take this opportunity to thank Phyllis Overall for her years as Chairman of the High Desert Film Alliance. Her dedication and energy for film production in the High Desert is unequaled and she will be missed.

General Transportation

Transportation Improvements Continue in the High Desert

Published by:

Ranchero Road Interchange

By Joy Sepulveda
Public Information Officer

Since 2012, Caltrans has been actively working to improve the transportation infrastructure in the High Desert. The growth of the region, as well as the result­ing congestion has made improvements a priority for the department. Commut­ers and tourists are using the routes and arterials more and more in their travels. In fact, more than one million vehicles travel through the Devore Interchange each week, which makes it the most significant chokepoint on Interstate 15 (I-15) in San Bernardino County with traffic queues extending south for five miles during the late afternoon/evening rush hour.

While no major projects were complet­ed in 2014, two projects continued full steam to deliver significant changes to the transportation system. In addition, two projects are planned for State Route 58 (SR-58) west of Barstow to provide enhanced connectivity from the High Desert to the Kern County line.

Devore Interchange Project

The I-15/I-215 Devore Interchange Proj­ect, which began in November 2012, will add a truck by-pass lane, add an ad­ditional lane in each direction, bring the interchange up to operational standards, as well as address the arterial highways network deficiencies—specifically the reconnection of Route 66 (Cajon Bou­levard).

To date, the project has achieved several major milestones and is 50% complete. The milestones include:

  • Opening of the new southbound I-15 Kenwood Avenue on and off-ramps
  • Opening of the new Devore Road Bridge
  • Opening of the new I-15 inside lanes south of the I-15/I-215 interchange
  • Completion of 10 of 30 walls
  • Completion/under construction 10 of 17 bridges

With so much work happening at once, the Devore Interchange Project team is committed to providing superior com­munication. To that end, communica­tion and collaboration with emergency responders continues and is considered a high priority. Additionally, construc­tion zone staging is designed to provide access to emergency responders (par­ticularly fire services and CHP). The project team is also committed to pro­viding safe access to motorists traveling through the project area.

Currently, the project is estimated to be complete in late 2016.

I-15 Cajon Pass Pavement Rehabili­tation Project

The I-15 Cajon Pass Pavement Rehabil­itation Project began last spring. As a strictly pavement rehabilitation project, it will resurface and restore the pave­ment between Kenwood Avenue and the Hesperia Overhead, which will pro­vide approximately a 40 year life to the pavement through the Cajon Pass.

So far the project has replaced the pave­ment in 13 lane miles on I-15, as well as reconstructed 33 miles of shoulders. Most significant is the completion of the northbound and southbound lanes from SR-138 to Oak Hill.

The project currently has another 28 lane miles to replace and 15 miles of shoulder to reconstruct. It is estimated to be complete in late 2015.

As with the Devore Interchange Proj­ect, communication is key for the Cajon Pass Project team. In addition to com­municating with emergency respond­ers, information is also shared utilizing many formats.

SR-58 Hinkley Expressway Project

Caltrans plans to widen and realign a portion of State Route 58 (SR-58) from a two-lane conventional highway to a four-lane expressway extending from approximately 2.4 miles west of Hidden River Road to approximately 0.7 mile east of Lenwood Road, near the unin­corporated community of Hinkley in San Bernardino County.

The project will include construction of two interchanges on the widened and realigned portion of SR-58; one at Hinkley Road and the other at Lenwood Road. All entrance ramps (westbound and eastbound) will have two lanes at the local road and will transition to a single lane prior to merging onto the expressway. All exit ramps will have three-way stops at the exit ramp inter­sections with the local road. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliant curb ramps will be included.

The project includes access to non-motorized transportation modes (e.g., pedestrian/bikes/equestrian) by provid­ing six foot wide sidewalks, as well as standard eight foot shoulders across the two overcrossing bridges at Lenwood and Hinkley Roads. A short length of the existing SR-58 at the east end of the project is proposed to be realigned to tie in to the Lenwood Road westbound en­trance and exit ramps. The widened and realigned expressway is planned to be on a fill section (elevated sections of a roadway). All locations with large ver­tical surfaces (i.e., retaining walls and bridge structures) will include aesthetic/architectural treatment to prevent graf­fiti.

The project was awarded to Skanska and is expected to begin construction in June 2015.

SR-58 Kramer Junction Project

This project proposes to widen the road­way to accommodate four lanes of ex­pressway on SR-58 in the County of San Bernardino near the Kern County line to miles east of US Highway 395. This project involves the realignment of the roadway and will provide for a grade separation for the railroad crossing. The project will construct new pavement and widen the median, as well as improve geometrics to accommodate the Surface Transportation Assistance Act (STAA) trucks.

The purpose of the project is to accom­modate increased volumes of oversized vehicles. The project will reduce traffic congestion, improve traffic safety, re­duce accident rates, improve operation­al efficiency by separating slow-moving vehicles, improve reliability of goods movement, reduce people/goods move­ment conflicts and extend the life of the pavement.

The project is currently in the environ­mental document phase and is estimated to be advertised for bid in December 2016.

The four projects mentioned above will greatly transform the transportation in­frastructure of the High Desert. Caltrans is proud to be able to deliver quality projects that will enhance the lives of the traveling public.

Economy General Property

Most High Desert Home Values Trending Up

Published by:

By Bob Dutton
Assessor-Recorder-County Clerk
San Bernardino County

As the newly elected Assessor for San Bernardino County, I am very interested in monitoring and taking action to stimu­late economic development in the region. One of the key indicators of the regional growth is the value of the various prop­erty types within the County.

Over the last several years, dating back to 2008, there have been some very dra­matic changes in assessed property val­ue. Before we discuss property value, it is important to distinguish the difference between market and assessed property value.

Market value: The lowest price a sell­er would be willing to receive while at the same time the highest price a buyer would be willing to accept on an open and competitive market.

Assessed value: Value utilized by the As­sessor as the basis for taxation of prop­erty. In California this is constrained by Proposition 13 enacted in 1978.

In the 2007-2008 timeframe, properties within San Bernardino County reached a peak point. However, with the down turn in the economy and the resulting reces­sion, many properties had a dramatic re­duction in value. Properties located in the High Desert area followed this same pat­tern. This region includes the incorporat­ed cities of Adelanto, Apple Valley, Bar­stow, Hesperia, and Victorville, as well as the unincorporated areas of Lucerne Valley, Pinon Hills/Phelan, Wrightwood, Helendale, Hinkley, Yermo/Daggett and Newberry Springs.

When looking at the difference in all High Desert secured property from the peak in 2008 until the low in 2012, there was an overall decrease of 35% in assessed value. The majority of the reduction was felt within residential property with a de­crease of 48.5%. This accounts for 93% (by number of properties) of all property. Commercial, industrial and agricultural property remained relatively the same during this time frame with only slight fluctuation in the assessed value.

Fig 1 Most High Desert Home Values Trending Up

To understand the current trend, we can look at what has occurred in assessed val­ue over the last three years, 2012 through 2014. As shown in Figure 1 (Residential Average Assessed Value), all of the in­corporated cities except Barstow have experienced positive growth in assessed value for residential properties:

  • Adelanto: 14.41%
  • Apple Valley: 11.50%
  • Barstow: (4.93%)
  • Hesperia: 11.80%
  • Victorville: 12.67%

Of the unincorporated areas, some of the residential properties have realized slight growth and others have declined in as­sessed value:

  • Lucerne Valley: 1.41%
  • Pinon Hills/Phelan: 6.89%
  • Wrightwood: 6.82%
  • Helendale: 4.81%
  • Hinkley: (47.75%)
  • Yermo/Daggett: (5.29%)
  • Newberry Springs: (5.18%)

Fig 2 Most High Desert Home Values Trending Up

For commercial properties (e.g., stores) in the incorporated cities, there is mini­mal growth, with the majority realizing a decline in average assessed value as shown in Figure 2 (Commercial Average Assessed Value):

  • Adelanto: (6.99%)
  • Apple Val­ley: (2.32%)
  • Barstow: (2.73%)
  • Hesperia: 5.27%
  • Victorville: 3.21%

Similarly, the unincorporat­ed areas have predominately seen a decrease in the commercial as­sessed average value:

  • Lucerne Valley: 6.46%
  • Pinon Hills/Phelan: (0.22%)
  • Wrightwood: (1.17%)
  • Helendale: (18.63%)
  • Hinkley: (33.41%)
  • Yermo/Daggett: (0.43%)
  • Newberry Springs: 1.71%

Fig 3 Most High Desert Home Values Trending Up

The last area of interest is the industrial properties (e.g., warehouses, manufac­turing, etc.). As shown in Figure 3 (In­dustrial Average Assessed Value, the values for the incorporated cities have stayed primarily the same or had a slight decrease:

  • Adelanto: 6.76%
  • Apple Valley: (0.06%)
  • Barstow: 3.64%
  • Hesperia: 4.62%
  • Victorville: (3.45%)

These trends are also seen in the unincor­porated areas as well:

  • Lucerne Valley: (1.51%)
  • Pinon Hills/Phelan: (4.01%)
  • Wrightwood: 2.47%
  • Helendale: (13.22%)
  • Hinkley: (4.90%)
  • Yermo/Daggett: (8.02%)
  • Newberry Springs: (5.35%)

In summary the outlook for residential property has been positive and shows strong growth, but we are still lagging in commercial and industrial properties. I have a strong interest in working toward economic growth in the High Desert region, as well as throughout all of San Bernardino County. If we can stimulate development in the commercial and in­dustrial properties, it will in turn create additional jobs and provide for even stronger future growth for the residential property values.

General Property

Hesperia’s Tapestry Master-Planned Community will be a Jewel of the High Desert

Published by:

By the Tapestry Development Team

Nearly 25 years after first being set into the plans at the founding of the City of Hesperia, a master-planned community is finally going to be a re­ality. The former Rancho Las Flores Specific Plan is now the Tapestry mas­ter-planned community. The project is being developed by Terra Verde Group, which has a successful history of build­ing master-planned communities in Southern California and throughout the United States.

Even though the property is already entitled for over 15,000 homes and is part of the City’s General Plan, the project will face additional review due to updates in its plans. In the next few months, Tapestry will go before the Hesperia Planning Commission and City Council for approval of a new En­vironmental Impact Report (EIR), Spe­cific Plan, and Phase I Tentative Tract Map. The project team has already held several public meetings and informa­tional sessions and expects to do more in the lead-up to approval.

The Tapestry master-planned communi­ty is located at the heart of what Hespe­ria Mayor Eric Schmidt and others dub the “Mojave River Basin”. The project lies north of the 138 and 173 Highways, east of Arrowhead Lake Rd, south of Ranchero Road, and extends west to the Hesperia city limits, about 2 miles short of Summit Valley Rd. When it is built out, in the next few decades, the Tap­estry community will feature 19,311 homes located on 9,365.5 acres, 4,000 acres (42%) of which will be preserved for open space and conservation.

Tapestry Site

Tapestry will be a very high quality community that will enhance the qual­ity of life in Hesperia. It is our hope that as this project moves forward, Hes­peria residents will come to see it as an asset to the community as they enjoy the open space and parks that will be an essential part of life in Tapestry.

Designed for Quality Living

Tapestry will provide a premier living experience by promoting upscale archi­tectural design and a special emphasis on quality living. The goal is to appeal to younger families looking to purchase their first homes. Tapestry will be built with active families in mind. Walkabil­ity is a major feature of the Tapestry Specific Plan, with 161 miles of trails and paths built throughout the commu­nity.

Master Planned Community

In addition to walkability, parks and open space will be a major component of living in this community. Not only will there be a mix of neighborhood and pocket parks placed throughout each neighborhood, but a major sports park is planned in the 6th phase of develop­ment. Utilizing their experience in pro­viding excellent amenities in master-planned communities throughout the United States, the development team plans to include recreational opportuni­ties for all the residents of Tapestry.

At the center of the project will be a premier town center to feature upscale restaurants, retail, grocery stores and other amenities. The Tapestry town center will exist not only as a benefit to Tapestry, but will be built as a destina­tion center for the entire Mojave River Basin.

Respecting and Protecting the Local Environment

One hallmark of life in Hesperia is liv­ing in a beautiful natural environment, and Tapestry will be designed to pro­tect that special quality of life. Tapestry preserves the Victor Valley’s unique desert environment in its plans and de­sign guidelines. Hesperia residents will be able to enjoy thousands of acres of new parks, pedestrian and equestrian trails, paths and open spaces. The proj­ect team has also worked with the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians to help preserve areas of importance to Native Americans, and also has plans for an interpretive center to honor the history and culture of this wonderful valley.

Master Planned Community 1

Tapestry is a state-of-the-art commu­nity. It is implementing energy and wa­ter saving techniques that could not be done on a smaller project. Water-wise planting techniques and state-of-the-art xeriscaping will be employed through­out the community. In addition to xeriscaping, recycled water will be used for irrigation purposes throughout the project to help reduce water consump­tion. Every home within Tapestry will be required to provide rooftop solar ca­pability, making it the first community of its kind in the High Desert to achieve the level of sustainability that is so im­portant for future generations.

Enough Water for 20 Years

In 2011, the city ap­proved an Urban Wa­ter Management Plan (UWMP) that detailed the city’s water needs, uses, and supply & demand, including its estimated popula­tion growth and water needs for the next 25 years. A Water Sup­ply Assessment was prepared in 2014 for the Tapestry project, by the same team who compiled that 2011 UWMP, which demonstrated wa­ter availability exists today for nearly 20 years. Tapestry will build all of the water supply and storage systems and give these improve­ments to the City.

Improving Mobil­ity for Residents

Traffic has been a concern among resi­dents adjacent to the project. Tapestry, in its planning is de­signed to help alle­viate problems that currently exist. Tap­estry will include multiple access points, especially to the north, that will help reduce conges­tion by providing millions of dollars in vital road expansions, new signals and other improvements. The developers have been in talks with both the City of Hesperia and Caltrans to find solu­tions to congestion on Ranchero Rd and Highway 138, respectively.

Master Planned Community 2

All of the costs of developing the Tap­estry project area will be carried by the project developer. The City of Hespe­ria is developing a phasing schedule for this work, which will be specifically ar­ticulated in the Tapestry Development Agreement between the city and the project developers.

Benefits of Long Term Land Use Planning

The project will be built in 10 phases, with the first phase of approximately 2,300 homes beginning in 2016. Since Tapestry is a master-planned communi­ty, it provides the City of Hesperia with an opportunity to plan long-term and create a community that will sustain it­self and serve as a catalyst for solutions to regional issues. Individual develop­ment projects cannot address traffic, water supply, wastewater treatment or other such improvements. They pay their development impact fees, but it is some time before enough fees are accu­mulated to actually construct improve­ments.

The Specific Plan process allows other public use issues, such as parks, schools and public safety, to be adequately an­ticipated and addressed. The parks dis­trict can identify their future park and recreation needs and identify specific parcels where these improvements can be constructed and can enter into financ­ing plans for these improvements. The same holds true for schools and public safety. The process also allows the city to exert more direct control over design than it can on individual projects.

Master Planned Community 3

The Tapestry Specific Plan includes plans for two mixed-use town centers, eight elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools. The project also includes multiple public and civic facilities (like a post office, library branch, fire and police station, etc). These vital parts of infrastructure could only be done within the scope of a master-planned community like Tap­estry.

Why Now is the Time for Tapestry to Succeed

Why now? Because the market is right for development in the High Desert. Prices in the LA basin and in the ar­eas down the hill have reached levels that put home owner­ship out of reach for young families. The population continues to grow and the High Desert is the logical place to go to find a high-quality, afford­able place to live. We firmly believe that if we can build Tapes­try, Hesperia will become a preferred location for the continued job growth that is taking place in Southern Califor­nia and that Tapestry will be a vibrant community for many years to come.

Economy General Politics

Momentum is Ours

Published by:

By Larry Vaupel
Economic Development Agency Administrator
San Bernardino County

Momentum. Defined by force or speed of movement. Our County is experienc­ing momentum again. It is a speed of positive movement that will benefit us all. However, the challenge is to ensure this positive economic momentum is broad based, hitting all key aspects of our region from healthcare to education to business.

We have population momentum. Ac­cording to economist Joel Kotkin, Cen­sus Bureau data indicates that, from 2007 to 2011, nearly 35,000 more resi­dents moved from Los Angeles County to the Inland Empire than moved in the other direction. There was also a net movement of more than 9,000 from Or­ange County and more than 4,000 net migration from San Diego County.

Healthcare is expanding. Loma Linda University Medical Center recently an­nounced plans for a new construction project that will provide a new building to house the International Heart Insti­tute and establish two state-of-the-art centers for imaging, gastrointestinal, and pulmonary services, allowing for expansion of services and ease of access to accommodate the rapidly growing population of the Inland Empire.

Business is growing. The unemploy­ment rate in San Bernardino County dropped from 7.7 percent in November to 7.0 percent in December of last year, according to data released Jan. 23 by the California Employment Develop­ment Department (EDD). The county’s jobless rate had been one of the highest in the nation during the recession, but it has decreased steadily in recent years. Moreover, to further encourage greater job growth, five companies within the County of San Bernardino were award­ed California Competes Tax Credits totaling nearly $5.5 million for the cre­ation of 1,148 new jobs. The award is from the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz) and approved by the California Com­petes Tax Credit (CCTC) committee. The California Competes Tax Credit is an income tax credit available to busi­nesses that want to come to California or stay and grow in California. These five local businesses were among the 56 companies statewide chosen by the Governor’s office.

Education is meeting demand. Chaffey College was recently awarded nearly $15 million to create an advanced man­ufacturing training center at California Steel Industries in Fontana. According to officials, the grant will provide a ma­jor economic boost since an expected 3,000 students will be able to benefit from the program over a four-year pe­riod, starting mid- 2015.

County government is innovating. We recognize that our role is to facilitate in­vestment and fuel the momentum. It is no small task that our County was rec­ognized in 2014 with multiple awards for its innovative programs from the National Association of Counties and the California State Association of Counties.

On Wednesday, April 15, I encourage you to join me at the State of the County where more than 1,000 business, gov­ernment and community leaders will be on site at the Citizens Business Bank Arena in Ontario. We will share more of what is driving an era of momentum for our region, as well as provide a forum for discussion and collaboration. We in­vite you to help build the momentum. Tickets are available at www.sbcounty­

General Water

Science: a Key to Water Management

Published by:

By Mojave Water Agency

California’s ongoing drought is just one factor in a complex equation of a changing water environment. With new state groundwater regulations, as well as stricter conservation measures, developing innovative and cost-effective solutions will require more than funding. It will require solid science data that will create greater consensus to develop long-term solutions.

The Mojave Water Agency’s second annual Water Summit turns the focus on “Science: The Key to Managing Water in a Changing World.” The event will be held April 8 from 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. at the Hilton Garden Inn in Victorville. The event is sponsored by the Mojave Water Agency and the Victor Valley Chamber of Commerce.

The half-day program will feature the Governor’s top groundwater leader, Gordon Burns, Undersecretary for the California Environmental Protection Agency. Burns was appointed by Brown in December 2011 and has been heavily involved in water policy. He has been a leader on the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act—the Governor’s recent landmark groundwater legislation that will provide a framework for local entities to more effectively manage groundwater resources.

The program also will feature presentations demonstrating the use of sound science in developing Urban Water Management Plans that provide critical data for future development. Additionally, the program will explore the role of science in accurately assessing local water supplies and developing new programs for future growth.

The program includes a full buffet breakfast and costs $10 per person in addition to a processing fee. For more information contact the Mojave Water Agency at 760.946.7000. To register for the Water Summit, click here:

The Mojave Water Agency manages the region’s water resources for the common benefit to assure stability in the sustained use for its citizens. It is one of 29 State Water Contractors entitled to receive State Water Project water when available. The Agency’s territory encompasses 4,900 squares miles with a population of 450,000.

Economy General Property

Housing the Future: Availability = Affordability

Published by:

By Carlos Rodriguez
CEO of the BIA
Baldy View Chapter

The Inland Empire has a severe housing shortage, which if left unchecked will continue to negatively impact the economy by limiting housing affordability, job creation and local tax revenues.

On February 5, 2015, National Community Renaissance hosted a Symposium on the Affordability of Housing and published a study entitled “Housing the Future: The Inland Empire as Southern California’s Indispensable Geography.” Participating in the symposium were local elected officials, representatives from the California Realtors Association, California Apartment Association and the Building Industry Association Southern California, Baldy View Chapter (BIA).

“We need a government that understands that growth is important, that diversity of employment is important, and that housing is important,” said Joel Kotkin, researcher and author of the Housing the Future study. “We need to take care of the middle class, and the last place that’s going to happen in Southern California is the Inland Empire.”

The Inland Empire is home to more than 4 million residents, many of whom chose the area for moderately priced homes. However, that dynamic is quickly changing due to burdensome regulation that deters the development of new residential units. Many middle class families are being priced out of the market due to a drop in new development which has lowered the volume of housing stock below the growing market demand.

“There is a belief that housing is a drain on the local economy. Nothing could be further from the truth,” said Carlos Rodriguez, BIA Baldy View Chapter CEO.

Rodriguez cited research from the National Association of Homebuilders showing that over the course of 15 years, a 100-unit housing project will lead to $13 million in economic growth and $4 million in additional tax revenues for the community. Unfortunately, many cities and counties still regard housing as a detriment instead of recognizing it as a critical economic asset.

“Housing is an economic catalyst, and for Southern California, housing in the Inland Empire is critical to the region’s economic sustainability,” said Steve Pontell, President of the National Community Renaissance. “We (Inland Empire) have long been the place where the middle class could afford to live. As that goes away, so will our employment base.”

Rodriguez and Pontell both noted that California is 1 million housing units short of meeting the current population demand. Southern California alone, needs an additional 600,000 homes to meet the growing demand. With limited housing availability comes limited housing affordability.

In 2005, the Victor Valley pulled 6,408 residential permits, which attributed for over 43% of the total permits countywide. In 2014, the Victor Valley’s 271 permits accounted for only 14% of the total activity in the county. Likewise, construction industry jobs countywide declined 42%, with almost 19,000 construction-related jobs lost since 2006. In that same time period, unemployment in the Victor Valley has increased by 54%.

The “Housing the Future” report reveals several enlightening statistics about the Inland Empire’s market potential. The IE has the second highest concentration of children ages 5-14 in the nation and the most significant increase in Bachelor Degrees and College-educated residents in Southern California.

The study also reveals that California has the highest development impact fees per unit in the Nation (approximately $32,000/unit). That’s twice as high as the next two highest states, Maryland ($16,000/unit) and Oregon ($15,000/unit). A shortage in housing stock is also directly related to unemployment rates, home affordability and a broad tax/consumer base. This begs the question: How will we meet the employment and housing needs of the future if housing availability continues to be limited by increased regulation and dwindling incentives?

The BIA suggests that positive policy reform can be made through the San Bernardino Countywide Vision and Housing Collaborative Element Group. We commend Supervisor Robert Lovingood, the County Board of Supervisors and the San Bernardino County Associated Governments (SANBAG) for leading this timely effort. The goal of the element group is to improve the IE’s business environment and help California families achieve the American Dream of Homeownership.

BIA recently published a Best Recommended Practices Brochure to improve the efficiency in permitting and creating a more business friendly environment at the local municipal level. The brochure outlines five best practices to: 1) Increase Customer Service, 2) Have a Well-Defined Pre-Submittal Program, 3) Improve Information and Communications, 4) Engage Stakeholder in Policy-Making Decisions and 5) Maintain Fees at Reasonable Levels.

For more information and to find links to the “BIA Best Recommended Practices Brochure” and the “Housing the Future” study please, visit

-Carlos Rodriguez serves as CEO of the BIA, Baldy View Chapter, a non-profit trade association advocating to help meet the housing and building needs in Southern California.

Economy General Politics

Change to California Revenue and Tax Code

Published by:

By Brad Golden

Effective January 1, 2015, anyone submitting a document for recording can no longer “hide” its associated transfer tax from the public records by use of a separately attached declaration.

Formerly, Section 11932 of the California Revenue and Taxation Code provided an option permitting that the amount of transfer tax due for a taxable document not be disclosed on public record but, rather, declared in a separate paper attached thereto when presented for recording. Pursuant to Assembly Bill 1888 of 2014 (Chapter 20, Statutes of 2014), effective January 1, 2015, Section 11932 is amended to repeal this option, thereby requiring that all documentary transfer tax declarations thereafter must be included in taxable documents and become part of the public record. Assembly Bill 1888 requires no change in the form or content of the presently used transfer tax declaration.

Assembly Bill 1888 was sponsored by the Appraisal Institute, an association of real estate appraisers, for the purpose of obtaining ready access to transfer tax information and provide much-needed assistance to appraisers. In the past, it was possible to hide this tax amount by simply requesting that the taxes be marked “Filed” thus hiding the transfer tax, and therefore the value of the property declared to the County taxing officials. The Appraisal Institute made contact with every county in the state, and received positive response to the proposed legislation from every county with the exception of one. The bill, carried by Assembly member Phil Ting (D-San Francisco), was passed overwhelmingly in the Assembly and State Senate. The Governor then signed it into law.

While some investors and speculators may be disappointed with this new transparency, it will definitely create better data points for the overall market.

Brad Golden is a Major Accounts Manager for Chicago Title in Southern California. He coordinates commercial and subdivision transactions throughout the region, as well as nationally. He can be reached at or 805-218-8879.

General Politics

High Desert Detention Center

Published by:

By Sheriff John McMahon
County of San Bernardino
Sheriff’s Department

The expansion of the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department’s High Desert Detention Center continues in Adelanto, with a current total of 2,074 beds, 1,368 of them newly added. Sitting on seven and a half acres, the hi-tech facility’s enlargement has a total price tag of $150 million, with a proportionately hefty contribution predicted to the tax rolls of Adelanto, Victorville, Hesperia, and other surrounding communities.

At the present time there are 199 employees at HDDC, with a payroll of $7.5 million. When the facility is fully staffed, however, employees will number approximately 325. Complete build-out and full staffing is expected sometime in the 2016/2017 fiscal year.

Between February of 2014 and January of 2015, the High Desert Detention Center witnessed 14,802 bookings. The average daily inmate population is 918 persons.

HDDC continues to provide a tremendous measure of convenience for both the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department, and for inmates as well, because the presence of the facility eliminates the need for deputies to travel to Rancho Cucamonga to book inmates with medical conditions. Such technological advancements at HDDC as specially coated walls to reduce the spread of infectious diseases, and an onsite dental facility equipped with two stations and an X-ray suite, make it possible to reduce costs associated with inmate health care, and to drastically cut down on prisoner travel time and deputy man-hours spent in transit. Instead of transporting sick inmates down the hill, deputies are now able to stay in the high desert and get back to their assigned area to provide proactive patrolling. Inmates with common conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes are now routinely monitored and treated “in house.”

Funding for the expansion of HDDC has been provided by state monies designated for the construction associated with enlarging local detention facilities. The expansion was made necessary by AB 109, a law which shifted the responsibility of housing some state prisoners from the state to the county in order to comply with a federal mandate regarding prison overcrowding. Governor Brown signed the bill into law in 2011, a move that quickly became known as “realignment.” As a result, sheriff’s departments throughout California have been required to house inmates who normally would have been sent to state prisons. Design for HDDC, however, began in April of 2006, shortly after the opening of the original Adelanto Detention Center.

Other technological highpoints in the design of HDDC include a hi-tech video surveillance system and “video visitation,” which allows inmates a greater chance to visit with family members without all the intra-facility movement of the past: less inmate movement means a safer detention center. Also, a wide variety of rehabilitative programs and services are available at HDDC, which can now be conducted in classes directly within the housing units, cutting down, again, on inmate movement.

Economy General

2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Published by:

By Linda Haugan
Assistant Executive Officer, Human Services

County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution By Cities

(Based on data as of January 1, 2014)

This report contains information concerning distribution of CalWORKs (cash benefits), CalFresh (nutrition assistance), and Medi-Cal in the cities and communities in San Bernardino County. The benefit populations refer to persons, not families. The number of persons receiving CalWORKs has remained steady while CalFresh increased 4.2%. Receipt of Medi-Cal increased 20.0%. The increase in Medi-Cal is due to pre-enrollment for the Affordable Care Act, which began October 1, 2013, and the expansion of Medi-Cal.

Exhibit I ranks the cities with cash benefits as a percentage of the general population. The ranking ranges from a low of 0.7% to a high of 13.6%. Exhibit IA displays this information graphically.

Exhibit I

Exhibit I

Exhibit 1A 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit II displays the financial value of assistance, which includes CalWORKs, CalFresh, and Medi-Cal, by assistance category and by total for each city. For example, the annual financial value of assistance in the City of San Bernardino is approximately $750 million. The value of assistance is based on statistics from CalWORKs and CalFresh benefit disbursement and the California Department of Health Care Services.

Exhibit II 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit III displays the population receiving aid by program and in total by city.

Exhibit III 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit IV compares the receipt of cash benefits in January 2013 to January 2014.

Exhibit IV 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit V displays the total number of persons receiving CalFresh benefits by city. This information varies from the totals listed in Exhibit III in that it includes persons receiving CalFresh as a result of their eligibility for cash benefits.

Exhibit V 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit VI displays information on unincorporated areas by ZIP code. Some ZIP codes that are shared with other counties are not included. Information on cells with less than 15 persons or amounts less than $3000 is not included.

Exhibit VI 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit VI Continued 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Exhibit VII displays the amount of child-care funds paid to providers in order to assist those participating in approved Welfare to Work activities. The amounts are for the month of January 2014 and are aggregated by location of the family receiving assistance.

Exhibit VII 2014 Report County Residents Receiving Aid Distribution by Cities

Please direct any requests for additional information or questions about this report to: Brian Pickering, at 909.388.0168.


General Nonprofits

Are Nonprofits and Businesses Similar?

Published by:

By Debbie A. Cannon
Academy for Grassroots Organizations

At a recent Chamber of Commerce net­working event, I was introducing myself and my role at Academy for Grassroots Organizations when asked “How Are Nonprofits Like Small Businesses?”

Prior to joining the nonprofit sector, I was a small business owner, so I found this a very intriguing question. The net­working event did not provide adequate time to address this thought-provoking question, so I would like to attempt to in this article.

Let me begin by taking a moment to de­fine a nonprofit. The Free Online Dic­tionary defines a nonprofit as: “A cor­poration or an association that conducts business for the benefit of the general public without shareholders and with­out a profit motive. Nonprofit organi­zations include churches, soup kitchens, charities, political associations, busi­ness leagues, fraternities, sororities, sports leagues, colleges and universi­ties, hospitals, museums, television sta­tions, symphonies, and public interest law firms.”

Similar to for-profit corporations, non­profit corporations must file a statement of corporate purpose with the Secretary of State and pay a fee, create articles of incorporation, conduct regular meetings, and fulfill other obligations to achieve and maintain corporate status according to state law.

Although both entities are corporations there indeed are a few key differences. A major point of distinction is in the ba­sic question “Why does each exist?”

For-profit companies are generally es­tablished to generate income for entre­preneurs, employees and shareholders. They offer market-driven products and services in exchange for sales revenue. Profits are distributed to the appropriate shareholders.

Nonprofit organizations are generally established to serve the general pub­lic without a profit motive and without shareholders.

One significant difference between non­profit and for-profit organizations is how they are funded. While for-profit companies sell products and services in the community to generate income for distribution to entrepreneurs, sharehold­ers, the business and their employees, nonprofits generate their income to sup­port humanitarian causes.

Nonprofits generate their income from direct appeals to individuals, corpora­tions and donors and entities that sup­port the underlying cause.

Nonprofit organizations “re-invest” all of their income into programs and services aimed at meeting under-met community needs such as food, water, shelter, education, workforce develop­ment, health, arts and culture that are pillars of a healthy community. Unlike for-profit businesses nonprofits cannot distribute corpo­rate income to stakeholders. The funds acquired by nonprofit corpo­rations must stay within the corpo­rate accounts to pay for reasonable salaries, expenses, and the activities of the corporation/nonprofit.

An inaccurate be­lief sometimes held about non­profits is that they rely solely on charity or dona­tions for income. In fact, the Cal­Nonprofits recent Causes Count sur­vey of 72,478 Cal­ifornia nonprofits reveals that, in fact, nonprofits in the Inland Empire generate 72.75% of their income from program revenues. The diagram below shows the overall rev­enue mix of the nonprofit sector. For the complete report visit

Inland Empire Nonprofits –Breakdown of Revenue Sources

Breakdown of Contributions

Breakdown of Contributions

Similar to for-profits, nonprofits actively look for ways to diversify their funding and secure long term financial sustainability One such opportunity presented it­self in the spring of 2014. In 2014 The Community Foundation Serving the Counties of Riverside and San Bernar­dino, in coordination with the County of San Bernardino, launched a 24-hour fundraising web-a-thon benefitting non­profit organizations called Give BIG San Bernardino. The goal was set to engage 150 countywide nonprofits and raise $300,000 online in 24 hours. Training to increase their skills in the use of so­cial media, marketing, and donor culti­vation to prepare for the big day were provided.

The business community provided sup­port through $41,000 in sponsorships. On May 8, 2014, by working together, businesses and 251 county nonprof­its successfully raised $548,214 in 24 hours. Victor Valley and Barstow non­profits raised 5.76% of the total dollars. For information about the participating nonprofits and 2014 Give BIG San Ber­nardino statistics visit http://givebigsb­

The success of Give BIG is one example that highlights how businesses and non­profits working together can accomplish new and innovative solutions to the pur­suit of our shared vision of healthy and vibrant communities.

I am excited and inspired to explore ways to develop more opportunities like Give BIG for nonprofits and for-profits businesses to find innovative ways to work together for the good of our com­munity. I invite you to attend one of our monthly networking meetings the 1st Thursday of each month to learn more about nonprofits. Email me at for details.

Stronger nonprofits and stronger busi­nesses are integral to long term success of our communities.

Nonprofits and their employees pur­chase goods and services that boost local economies. This helps local businesses grow, hire additional employees, and prosper. Plus, nonprofits themselves contribute to sales tax revenues as they expend dollars.

Nonprofits, in addition, purchase nu­merous goods and services, including things such as real estate, rental prop­erty, utilities, insurance, office supplies and equipment, financial services and printing, to name a few.

I am confident that working together we can accomplish great things. No doubt there are subtle similarities and differ­ences in both sectors, yet, in the end, there are more similarities than differ­ences.

In response to the original question “How Are Nonprofits and Businesses Similar?” I offer the following quote from the San Bernardino Countywide Vision description of Our Job: “Our job is to create a county in which those who reside and invest can prosper and achieve well-being.”

There is much work to be done to ac­complish Our Job. Let us begin togeth­er!

Debbie A. Cannon is a VP/COO of Academy for Grassroots Organizations, a nonprofit management support or­ganization dedicated to improving the quality of life in our region by support­ing and strengthening the social service sector. Further information may be found at